What Is Woven Fabric? An In-Depth Guide

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Mega Apparel
Mega Apparel
Woven fabric explained

Table of Contents

Woven fabric is a durable fabric used in creating various clothing products. There are many advantages, uses, and properties of woven fabric that you should know about. This blog has shed light on every important detail about the woven fabric, including its disadvantages. Consider this blog a detailed guide containing all the significant information about this fabric.

How Is Woven Fabric Made?

Interlacing two sets of threads or yarns at the right angle creates woven materials. These yarns can also be called “weft” and “wrap.” The yarn threads that pass through the loom are in a perpendicular or horizontal position to the warp threads, while the warp fibers run lengthwise. These strands are intertwined with each other, creating a well-structured and robust material.

Texture of Woven Fabric

A few things affect the texture, weight, and appearance of the fabric, including yarn type, weave pattern, and finishing techniques. The properties of woven fabric, like adaptability and durability, make it a reliable material to be used in home textiles and regular clothing.

The type of yarn used, the weave pattern, and the finishing techniques employed may affect woven fabrics’ texture, weight, and look. Because of their robustness and adaptability, woven fabrics are frequently utilized in clothing products, furniture decor covers, home textiles, and industrial applications. Various woven fabrics include cotton, satin, canvas, twill, and denim.

Woven Fabric Material: What are the Uses?

Woven fabric means any material formed by weaving. Different fabrics can be used to create woven materials, such as wool, cotton, polyester, and silk.

What Are the Uses of Woven Fabric Material in Different Products?

Woven fabrics are strong, well-formed, and have adaptability features, which is why they are suitable for creating a vast range of goods from several sectors. Let’s have a look at the uses of woven materials in multiple domains:

Apparel and Accessories: t-shirts, skirts, jackets, coats, blouses, dresses, scarves, belts, ties, gloves, caps, backpacks, bags, and wallets.

Footwear: boots, formal shoes, sneakers, and sandals.

Home Decor: furniture covers, drapes, and cushion covers.

House Accessories: Towels, tablecloths, carpets, and bed linens.

Industry Applications: conveyor belts, sails, tarps, filters, and tents.

Sports Gear: parachute, camping tents, backpacks, and straps.

Interiors of Cars: Carpeting, door panel fabric, seat covers, and headliners.

Medical Accessories: Masks, bandages, surgical gowns, and wound dressings.

Protective Gear: Fireman clothes and bulletproof jackets.

What Are the Advantages of Woven Fabric?

Advantages of woven fabric

Woven fabric has multiple advantages:

  • A stable structure.
  • No sag while hanging.
  • Flat surface (perfect for different cutting techniques).
  • Suitable for printing and dyeing methods.
  • More refined jacquard patterns than knitted materials.
  • Washing resistance, easy dry cleaning, easy to renovate.
  • Doesn’t shrink easily.

What Are The Disadvantages of Woven Fabric?

Disadvantages of woven fabric

The disadvantage of woven fabric are:

  • Elasticity increases the extension in all directions
  • Less breathable
  • Feels stiff

What Are The Common Types of Woven Fabric?

Woven fabric types names

The common types of woven fabric are:

  • Plain Weave

    A plain weave is formed when the weft yarns are wrapped over a wrap and under another yarn. Hence, they are interlocked in a manner that forms stripes of alternating colors of the wrap yarn. The yarn’s weight and density depend on its thickness and how it’s washed. This technique is commonly used to create school uniforms, shirts, and bed linen.

  • Twill Weave

    Twill weave forms a diagonal pattern to create a durable and heavy-weight fabric suitable for products like rucksacks and jeans.

  • Satin Weave

    The weft yarns were laid over four to seven wrap yarns to allow the light to reflect. This creates a soft and glossy appearance. However, the yarns lose their durability but can be used for dresses.

  • Herringbone Weave

    Herringbone weave is similar to twill and creates a chevron pattern. This weave is often made of wool yarn.

  • Pile Weave

    Velvet is the best example of pile weaving. It has a raised texture created by adding more yarns to the formation that is raised up from the surface to form a nap.

What Are The Properties of Woven Fabric?

Woven cloth is suitable for various applications due to its properties, which are:


The strands of woven fabric are interlaced in the weft and warp directions, which enhances its structural integrity and makes it a durable material.

Shape Retention:

Woven materials have firm stability and can maintain their shape for a long time due to their resistance to stretching or deformation.


Woven fabrics allow air to pass quickly, making the clothes breathable.


Woven materials can have high absorbency levels, depending on the fiber composition. Because of this, they are used in making towels, napkins, and medical textiles.


Woven materials can have multiple degrees of drape, depending on the yarn type. They can be flowing, soft, or stiff due to their weave structure.


Woven fabrics have a sturdy surface that allows intricate patterns to be applied effectively. This surface is suitable for easy dyeing.

Easy Care:

The finishing and fiber composition of many woven textiles allow them to be machine-washed, dry-cleaned, and ironed, making them easy to maintain.

Abrasion Resistance:

Woven materials have the ability to withstand wear and tear, giving them the required durability.

Knitted Vs. Woven Clothing

Difference between woven vs knitted clothing

Knitting and weaving are the two common ways to build textiles. Both techniques offer benefits.

Woven Clothing

The weaving process involves two sets: “wrap” and “weft” of strands at right angles. The weaving method is helpful in producing structured clothes with minimal elasticity.

The clothing products manufactured using looms are usually resilient and have shape retention ability. They have a soft texture and can accommodate complex patterns and designs. The common weaves are denim, silk, linen, and cotton.

Knitted Clothing

Knitted clothes are created using weaving yarn loops to form a stretchy material. Knitted clothing products hug the body perfectly and are very comfortable.

Knitted clothes are usually insulated to offer good protection in colder climates. Examples of knitted fabric are rib knit, cable knit, and jersey.

In summary, knitted clothes are softer than woven clothes. Knitted clothing provides comfort and flexibility, whereas woven clothing offers structure and durability. The decision can be made by considering personal preference in the production process, clothing products, utility, and intended style.

Non-Woven Fabric

Non-woven Fabric

The fibers that are interlinked by methods of heat, chemical, or mechanical are known as non-woven textiles. I am not making them by hand or by weaving them. The characteristics of these fabrics are their capacity to tolerate liquids, stretch and exhale better than knitted materials, and possibly resist bacteria.

A fabric stabilizer could also be added to these textiles to make them more durable. Such materials also have a faster and yet cheaper method of production, making them the most economical option. Woven fabric is usually made up of strong and durable threads rather than flimsy, non-woven threads.
The loops of interlaced threads create a crisscrossing barrier that provides the woven textiles with significantly increased strength.

Uses of Non-Woven Fabric in Different Products

Different uses of non-woven materials in various products are:

Disposable face masks: Single-use masks are constructed for filtration.

Disposable Wipes: Cleaning, infant care, and makeup remover wipes.

Medical Drapes and Gowns: Non-woven materials are frequently used in healthcare settings.

Diapers: Non-woven materials are usually used to make disposable diapers.

Feminine hygiene products: Tampons and sanitary Napkins.

Industrial Filters: Liquid and air filtering systems.

Disposable Food Packaging: Food containers and packaging.

Automobile Interiors: Car flooring and headliners.


Knitted fabric is a part of the textile industry, which is extremely useful in many sectors, from clothes to medical purposes. Its potential to maintain ecosystem equilibrium and strength, as well as endurance, is the best among the other materials.

With this material type, one can apply different types of texturing, patterns, and finishes. For textile usage, the fabric is very good for the appearance and performance of clothing, upholstery, household textiles, or industrial use.

From the very beginning of the weaving work, an array of colors is used not only for the purpose of displaying appearance but also for the sake of making practical fabric as well. They range from the crispness of cotton shirting tones to the toughness of denim and the beauty of silk.

The fabrics in the making keep on transforming themselves into something new with innovative fibers, weaves, and finishes, as they now have the power to change the norms of what is practical and the trend-setting eco and technological methods.

The cloth of weaving still remains the classic and ancient art work that covers the modern world with its everlasting aesthetic beauty and long-lasting strength.

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